|Return Tillage Handbook|
Conservation Tillage Handbook Series No. 10
Welcome to Version 2 of this Northwest Directory. Version 1 was published May 1997 and included 28 excellent resources including publications, videos, newsletters and Internet home pages. Version 2 does not repeat the earlier resources, so be sure to check out Version 1 if you have not seen it (see information below). These Directories have been compiled by Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Extension Conservation Tillage Specialist. They are only limited collections of new technology resources available from the Northwest, plus some resources from other areas that potentially may be useful in this region. The Directories have been developed to provide growers and Ag support personnel better access to technology resources that may assist them in the development and adaptation of direct seed cropping systems for their local production conditions. It not an endorsement of all the resources listed, nor their content.
Technology Application - Note that direct seed cropping systems and equipment from one region may or may not be directly applicable to other areas. Differences in annual rainfall distribution (summer versus winter), precipitation amounts, steepness of field slopes, crop residue levels, growing degree days, soil textures, and many other factors can affect the application of "outside" technology. Some principles of management technologies for conservation tillage may apply almost universally, while others may not. The Northwest is also extremely variable locally and across the region with site-specific soil, climatic and production conditions. Consider on-farm testing of new technologies on a small scale before adopting them on the whole farm.
Future Editions - New Versions of this Directory will be published periodically in the future. Your suggestions are welcome and encouraged. To request additional copies, or make suggestions for resource additions or revisions to the Directory, contact Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Extension Conservation Tillage Specialist (208-885-6386 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org). You will also find the Directories on the Internet home page "Pacific Northwest STEEP III Conservation Tillage Systems Information Source" (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu) in Chapter 10 of the PNW Conservation Tillage Handbook Series.
Nearly 900 Northwest growers and Ag advisers attended the first Northwest Direct Seed Intensive Cropping Conference on January 7-8, 1998 in Pasco, WA. The Conference featured 48 speakers, including 16 grower from across the Northwest, Canada and Australia. It was organized as a service to Northwest growers by the PNW STEEP III (Solutions To Environmental and Economic Problems) program, a cooperative research and educational effort on conservation tillage systems through the University of Idaho, Oregon State University; Washington State University and the USDA-Agricultural Research Service. The Conference was co-sponsored by 14 Ag support companies. It also included 11 PNW and state grower associations and Ag support groups as Conference Cooperators.
The 48 Conference speakers were organized into 7 in-depth Focus Sessions from 2 to 4 hours in length. These include:
1998 Conference Proceedings - The detailed 150-page Conference Proceedings can be accessed through the Internet (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu). Print copies are also available for $10 (including mailing) from: NW Direct Seed Conference, P.O. 2002, Pasco, WA 99320, FAX 509-547-5563, phone 547-5538, e-mail: Heather Filbin <email@example.com>. The Proceedings includes papers from 36 of the Conference speakers, not including the 12 drill company representative that spoke at the Conference. An address and phone listing of the 12 direct seeding equipment companies participating in the conference will also be included with the Proceedings.
1998 Conference Videos - Videotapes of the seven 2- to 3-hour Conference Focus Sessions are available for purchase ($15 each ) or loan (in the Northwest). More than 100 sets of the tapes were sold within three months after the Conference. Complete descriptions of the presentations and speakers on each the 7 videos and a copy of the video order form can be accessed through the Internet site above with the Proceedings, or contact the WSU Crop and Soil Sciences Dept. Extension office at 509-335-2915 (FAX 335-1758; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Over 920 growers and Ag support personnel attended this January 5-7, 1999 Conference and Trade Show in Spokane, WA. It was organized as a service to growers by the Pacific Northwest STEEP III program and co-sponsored by 12 Ag support companies, in cooperation with 11 PNW grower organizations, conservation district associations and other Ag support groups and agencies. The Conference featured 37 speakers, including 14 researchers, 7 industry representatives and 16 growers from across the Pacific Northwest, Northern Great Plains, Canada, Argentina, and Brazil.
There were 7 in-depth Focus Sessions on a variety of topics including:
1999 Conference Proceedings - The 225-page Proceedings provides a detailed summary of the 37 speaker presentations. The entire Proceedings can be accessed on the Internet (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu). Print copies are also available for $10 (including mailing) payable to NW Direct Seed Conference, ATTN: Heather Filbin, P.O. 2002, Pasco, WA 99320, phone 547-5538, FAX 509-547-5563 or e-mail (Heather Filbin <email@example.com>).
1999 Digital-Quality Videos - The seven Focus Sessions, ranging from 1 hour to 6 hours, were videotaped with a high-quality digital camera. A series of 10 videotapes are available on loan (in the Pacific Northwest) and for sale at $15 each. A detailed description of topics and speakers included on each video are available on the Internet site above with the Proceedings, or contact the Cooperative Extension Office, Crop and Soil Sciences Dept., P.O. Box 646420, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6420, phone 509-335-2915, FAX 335-1758, or email (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The 116-page 1998 PNW STEEP III Annual Research Report provides summaries of research progress on 14 STEEP III projects. The STEEP III (Solutions To Environmental and Economic Problems) research and education program began in 1996, following the 5-year STEEP II program from 1991-1995 and the original STEEP program from 1976 to 1990. It is a collaborative program involving over 30 scientists with University of Idaho, Oregon State University, Washington State University, and USDA - Agricultural Research Service, in cooperation with Idaho, Oregon and Washington grain producer and conservation district associations.
The Report provides a brief overview of STEEP III funding, objectives and coordinating committees, highlights of earlier STEEP and STEEP II program accomplishments (1976-1995), and 1998 progress reports on the STEEP III project. Approximately $1.8 million has been allocated to fund these STEEP III research and technology transfer projects since the program began in 1996.
The following is a listing of the STEEP III project titles and first-listed investigators from the progress reports:
This report is accessible on the Internet (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu). Print copies are also available without charge from Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Extension Conservation Tillage Specialist, at the Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences Dept., University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2330, phone 208-885-6386, e-mail (email@example.com); or Don Wysocki, OSU Extension Soil Scientist, at the Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 370, Pendleton, OR 97801, phone 541-278-4396, e-mail (Donald.Wysocki@orst.edu).
Approximately 6.8 million acres of cropland in Washington, Oregon and Idaho are susceptible to wind erosion. It can be a serious problem under the winter wheat-fallow system in the 6- to 15-inch precipitation zone, as well as under irrigated crop production. In addition to the loss of soil productivity, growers have also sustained severe crop damage and replanting expenses, along with associated reduced yield potentials. Dust storms from agricultural areas have raised public concern about air quality, traffic hazards and other environmental and economic impacts.
The Northwest Columbia Plateau Wind Erosion/PM-10 Project, which began in 1993, is a comprehensive research and educational program. It involves USDA Cooperative Research, Extension and Education Service (CSREES), USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS), EPA, WA State DOE, and several universities in the Northwest. Technical research for this project is being conducted by scientists from the USDA-ARS, Washington State University, the University of Idaho, and the University of Washington. Project collaborators include researchers from states in the West, growers and grower organizations, the USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Districts and the Ag service industry.
The 1997 Interim Report focuses on best management practices for farming with the wind. The 48-page color report begins with an overview of the principles of wind erosion and its control. Recent research on best management practices for dryland and irrigated farms is reviewed, as well as expected outcomes from using the best management practices.
Copies of the 1995 and 1996 Interim Reports are also available. In addition to research on control practices, these reports summarize research on the relationships of wind erosion soil loss to surface cover and roughness. These relationships for the basis for developing control practices making use of stubble from previous crops, green cover from growing plants and certain types of tillage to create and retain surface roughness. The reports also include economic evaluations of management options, dust emissions and transport models, studies of historical rates of dust deposition in the region, educational efforts and other project areas.
For a copies these Interim Reports, contact Keith Saxton, Project Research Coordinator with the USDA-ARS, phone 509 335-2724 or e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org). The Project also has a World Wide Web Home Page (http://www.pnw-winderosion.wsu.edu).
Growers are encouraged to learn more about the Project and actively participate in developing practical, economical solutions to the problem. Most growers have always strived to be good stewards of the land, minimizing erosion and maintaining soil productivity. They have much to gain from this research effort on developing more efficient and profitably management technologies that minimize wind erosion.
Controlling cropland wind erosion and blowing dust has been an agricultural issue on the Northwest Columbia Plateau ever since farming began in the region some 120 years ago. Farmers and researchers have continually sought better ways to reduce wind erosion. Early on, the main concern with wind erosion was loss of topsoil and the subsequent decline in soil quality and productivity. Today, however, farmers are also facing increasing public pressure to reduce wind erosion because of its adverse effects on air quality in downwind urban areas.
The "Columbia Plateau Wind Erosion Air Quality Project" was initiated in 1993 to identify the factors involved in the region's cropland wind erosion and air quality problems, and develop effective control management strategies. It is a large, interagency and interdisciplinary research and educational program involving a number state and federal agencies, NW land grant universities, grower organizations, conservation districts and the Ag industry.
"Farming with the Wind -- Best Management Practices for Controlling Wind Erosion and Air Quality on Columbia Plateau Cropland," is a 72-page color Handbook that was published November 1998 as Washington State University Cooperative Extension bulletin MISC0208. It was developed under the Columbia Plateau Project and represents the first step in helping growers reduce cropland wind erosion to preserve soil productivity and address air quality impacts from windblown dust.
The Handbook was prepared by 20 contributing authors and reviewers, with Dr. Robert Papendick, retired USDA-ARS Soil Scientist serving as lead author and editor. Funding for the Handbook was provided by WSU Cooperative Extension, WA Dept. of Ecology, Washington Wheat Commission, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, USDA-Cooperative States Research, Extension and Education Service, and US Environmental Protection Agency.
The Handbook contains 9 chapters: 1) Why the Need for This Handbook; 2) Some Facts about Wind Erosion and Its Control; 3) Profile of the Columbia Plateau; 4) Managing Soil Cover and Roughness; 5) Best Management Practices for Dryland Farms; 6) Best Management Practices for Irrigated Farms; 7) Best Management Practices for Both Dryland and Irrigated Farms; 8) Economic Considerations in Wind Erosion Control; and 9) Putting it Together: Expecting Outcomes from Using Best Management Practices.
Copies of the Handbook (MISC0208) are available FREE from WSU at 509-335-2999,1-800-723-1763, or by mail from: Bulletins Office, Cooperative Extension, Washington State University, P.O. Box 645912, Pullman, WA 99164-5912 (Internet home page is http://caheinfo.wsu.edu).
Conservation Farming in the United States: Methods and Accomplishments of the STEEP Program , published by CRC Press (ISBN: 0-8493-1185-3 ) in December 1998, explains the success of the multidisciplinary STEEP (Solutions To Environmental and Economic Problems) conservation farming research and educational project. The STEEP program, currently in its third decade, focusing on the Inland Northwest region of Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
The 256-page book reviews the history and development the STEEP program and its potential to serve as a model for addressing regional environmental and economic problems. It also provides substantive findings in conservation farming systems research.
Book Chapters include:
Book Ordering: The book is available as publication MISC0224 from Washington State University Cooperative Extension for $30.00 each plus $6.00 shipping per copy. Washington residents add 7.5% sales tax to book and shipping total. Please call for exact shipping charges if you order three or more copies. Request the book from: Bulletins Office, Cooperative Extension, Washington State University, P.O. Box 645912, Pullman, WA 99164-5912; FAX: 509-335-3006; PHONE: 1-800-723-1763. The following payment options are accepted: Checks (payable to: Cooperative Extension Publications); VISA / MasterCard, and purchase orders.
MoreCrop, a computer decision-support tool designed to help Northwest wheat growers predict and manage wheat diseases, is now free and has been moved to the Internet (http://pnw-ag.wsu.edu/morecrop). The software program was initially developed in 1993 by Roland Line, USDA-ARS plant pathologist at Pullman, WA and Ramon Cu, a visiting scientist with USDA-ARS.
MoreCrop is used to predict wheat diseases and decide which disease control options to implement. It takes into account up-to-date information related to wheat cultivars and their characteristics, farm location and agronomic zone, fungicide technical information, crop managerial options, history of the field, weather conditions and other topics relevant to wheat production in the Pacific Northwest. It is also an excellent educational tool for understanding the epidemiology and control of wheat diseases. Growers can use the program to build crop management scenarios, test customized disease control programs and solve real-time problems.
Originally distributed on diskettes through WSU Cooperative Extension, the Internet version includes more information and choices, including more crop management options. The Internet version is also continually updated with new information as it becomes available, such as changes in pesticide registrations, new wheat classes, and varieties, and their responses to diseases and management options. The system now provides information on 30 diseases instead of the 16 on the diskette version. High resolution pictures also help viewers diagnose diseases.
MoreCrop's Internet version 2 requires a PC with a Pentium microprocessor or equivalent, 16 MB or more RAM, a video card, a monitor capable of displaying true color, Microsoft Windows 95 or later, and a hard disk with at least 18 MB free space to store the MoreCrop files. MoreCrop can be directly downloaded from the Internet site to your PC.
The Manitoba-North Dakota Zero Tillage Farmers Association has a long and impressive history. It was officially organized in 1982 after years of conferences and meeting through the 1970's and early 1980's. The farmer-run association has been a leader in facilitating the develop and promotion of no-till direct seeding systems that they have termed "zero tillage." The group has developed some outstanding publications, workshops, videos and member newsletters
Internet Home Page / Publications - The Association's home page (http://www.mandakzerotill.org) provides access to their wealth of information. Some examples inclued includes three of their excellent publications on zero tillage systems, at least four Proceedings from their annual Zero Tillage Workshops, chat page, coming events and a long list of other Internet resource sites. The publications include:
Zero Tillage Production Manual - 42-page color publication released in 1991. Section topics include zero tillage advantages, no-till and soil moisture, residue management, rotations, seeding, talking from experience, fertilizer use, weed control, and economics.
Zero Tillage - Advancing the Art - 40-page color publication completed in 1997. Chapters include: sustainability, the no-till soil, economics, rotations, seed and fertilizer, weeds, diseases, forages and information sources.
Integrated Insect Management in Zero Till Fields - 106-page publication that provides detailed discussions of the identification and management of 11 insect pest on zero till fields.
As long as supplies are available, print copies of these publications are available free with a nominal fee for mailing from: Manitoba-North Dakota Zero Tillage Farmers Association,7-31st St., Brandon, Manitoba, Canada R7B 2J6, phone (204) 727-5355; Fax (204) 727-5245; e-mail email@example.com. For those in the Northwest, a limited number of copies of the 1997 publication are available from: Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Conservation Tillage Specialist; Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences Dept., University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2339, phone 509-885-6386, or e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org).
1999 Workshop Proceedings and Videos -- The Association puts on some excellent workshops and the 21th Annual Workshop in Brandon, Manitoba was no exception. The 172-page Proceedings is a great reference with 29 in-depth papers by researchers, growers and Ag industry. The Copies of Proceedings are available from the Association office, 7-31st Street, Brandon, MB R7B 2J6 Canada, phone (204) 727-5355, Fax # (204) 727-5245, e-mail: email@example.com. Cost of the Proceedings: $7.00 U.S. or$10.00 Canadian, plus postage.
Videos of all presentations and panels are available direct from Solnes Productions at Box 1203, Roblin, Manitoba, Canada R0L 1P0, phone (204) 937-4705. There are two videos for each half day, a total of 8 all together. A complete set of the 8 VHS tapes is$75.00 Canadian and or each individual video is $12.00 Canadian. Please contact Solnes Productions for details on the contents of each video tape.
Newsletter and Association Membership -- The Association puts out a great quarterly newsletter with detailed articles on new developments in management systems and equipment for zero tillage. The articles provide practical information on new research, industry developments and grower experience. The Association Newsletter also provides a good way to stay "connected" with zero tillage events and resources. Membership is $30 (U.S.), including the Newsletter and proceedings of the annual workshop. Contact the Association office above for more information.
The Dakota Lakes Research Farm is operated by South Dakota State University, but the land and other fixed facilities are owned by a non-profit corporation established by area farmers. The primary focus of the Research Farm is the development of integrated cropping systems for no-till farming under diverse crop rotations. The farm is near Pierre, South Dakota in an area that has been traditionally farmed with the wheat-fallow rotation under conventional tillage.
Their Internet home page (http://www.dakotalakes.com) provide a detailed description of the research program and a wealth of information on research results and links to other Internet resources. One of the hallmark publications on the home page is "No-Till Guidelines for the Arid and Semi-Arid Prairies" by Dr. Dwayne Beck, Dakota Lakes Research Farm Manager. The publication provides an in-depth review of management considerations for a wide variety of crops and crop rotations under no-till. There are numerous other publication available on the home page. For more information, contact the Dakota Lakes Research Farm, Box 2, Pierre, SD 57501, phone 605-224-6114, Fax 224-0845, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association has a wealth of information on direct seeding technologies and much of it is available on their Internet home page (http://ssca.usask.ca and click on Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association). The Association developed some excellent Direct Seeding Conference Proceedings and many of them are on-line. At least ten issues of the quarterly SSCA newsletters are also on-line and contain detailed articles on practical management issues and research developments on direct seeding systems. For more information on subscription and membership, call 306-695-4234, Fax 695-4236, e-mail (email@example.com).
The new "Direct Seeding Manual - A Farming System for the New Millennium" will be available in June 1999. It has been jointly developed by the Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI), with test stations in Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan, and the Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association. The Manual is compiled into seven chapters: rotations, residue management, seeding and fertilizing, weeds, getting started, economics and machinery suppliers. The price is $50 Canadian (including shipping). The Manual is available from the Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute; P.O. Box 1900; Humboldt, Saskatchewan, S0K 2A0 Canada, phone 306-682-5033, FAX 682-5080, or e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Alternative crops and more diverse crop rotations can increase the success of direct seed cropping systems. The Specialized Crop Production Program is sponsored by the Canada-Saskatchewan Agri-Food Innovation Fund to increase the availability and production of specialized crops in the region. It is organized along the concept of a "Hub and Spoke Program." The "Hub" research program objective is to develop adapted, high quality cultivars and disease control technology for specific specialized crop production constraints. The "Spoke" program objective is to establish regional applied research programs to find solutions to agronomic and crop protection problems and demonstrate dryland and irrigated specialized crop production technologies to producers. An Internet home page (paridss.usask.ca/specialcrop/) provides details on activities in this "Spoke" program. A wealth of information is available on the home page through newsletters and research publications, including an extensive search system and linked research sites.
The Alberta Soil Conservation Tillage Society has been a grower-run organization for 21 years and has a wealth of experience and information to offer. The Society publishes the Conservation Tillage News, an in-depth magazine on new technologies and growers experiences with direct seed systems. Membership and subscription is $30 Canadian, payable to the Alberta Conservation Tillage Society, Box 326, Carbon, Alberta T0M 0L0, Canada, phone 403-572-3600, Fax 572-3605, e-mail (email@example.com). The Society also sponsors annual AgriFUTURE Farm Technology Expos and the Proceedings provide good information resources, covering a number of direct seeding topics as well a broader conservation issues. Contact the Society on the availability of past proceedings.
The Alberta Reduced Tillage Initiative (ARTI) is a partnership for conservation, production and profit in Alberta, Canada. To reach their Internet home page, type http://paridss.usask.ca/consgroups/ and click on ATRI. They have over 30 Direct Seeding Fact Sheets on line on a variety of management considerations. Other interesting sites include direct seeding technical papers, direct seed discussion groups and coming events.
The No-Till Farmer newsletter is a no-till "readers digest," providing snapshots of new no-till development in research, industry and grower experiences, as well as more in-depth articles. The newsletter is published 17 times a year. Although it has a strong corn-soybean focus, it is expanding to cover no-till topics across the U.S. and beyond. Editor/Publisher Frank Lessiter has been a leader in the promotion of no-till technology. Beside the newsletter, he publishes a number of other no-till publications and organized five National No-Tillage Conferences. For more information on the No-Till Farmer newsletter, Conference Proceedings and other related no-till resources, contact No-Till Farmer, P.O. Box 624, Brookfield, WI 53008-0624, phone 414-782-4480, FAX 782-1252, or e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Pacific Northwest Conservation Tillage Handbook Series publications are jointly produced by University of Idaho Cooperative Extension System, Oregon State University Extension Service and Washington State University Cooperative Extension. Similar crops, climate, and topography create a natural geographic unit that crosses state lines in this region. Joint writing, editing, and production prevent duplication of effort, broaden the availability of faculty, and substantially reduce costs for the participating states.
The Pacific Northwest Conservation Tillage Handbook is a large, three-ring binder handbook that is updated with new and revised Handbook Series publications. It was initiated in 1989 as a PNW Extension publication in Idaho, Oregon and Washington. Updates to the Handbook are provided when the updating card is returned. By 1999, 47 new PNW Conservation Tillage Handbook Series have been added to the original 98. Copies of the complete Handbook are available for $20 through county extension offices in the Northwest or ordered directly by calling state extension publication offices: Idaho -- (208) 885-7982; Oregon -- (541)-737-2513; Washington -- (509) 335-2999 (some shipping and handling charges and sales tax may apply). It's now accessible on the Internet! All of the PNW Conservation Tillage Handbook and Handbook Series are on the Internet home page (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu) Pacific Northwest STEEP III Conservation Tillage Systems Information Source. The home page also contains recent issues of the PNW STEEP III Extension Conservation Tillage Update, listings of other conservation tillage information resources, coming events and much more. For more information on the Handbook or updates to the Handbook, contact Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Conservation Tillage Specialist, Plant Soil and Entomological Sciences Department, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2339, phone 208-885-6386, FAX 208-885-7760, e-mail (email@example.com).
Cooperative Extension programs and policies comply with federal and state laws and regulations on nondiscrimination regarding race, color, gender, national origin, religion, age, disability, and sexual orientation. The University of Idaho Cooperative Extension System, Oregon State University Extension Service and Washington State University Cooperative Extension are Equal Opportunity Employers.
us: Hans Kok, (208)885-5971
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Hans Kok, WSU/UI Extension Conservation Tillage Specialist, UI Ag Science 231, PO Box 442339, Moscow, ID 83844 USA Redesigned by Leila Styer, CAHE Computer Resource Unit; Maintained by Debbie Marsh, Dept. of Crop & Soil Sciences, WSU