Northwest Direct Seed Cropping Systems

Overview & Acknowledgements

Table of Contents 

January 5-7, 1999
International Ag Trade Center / Convention Center
and DoubleTree Hotel - City Center, Spokane, Washington

 Sponsored as a Service to Northwest Growers by:

GRAND SPONSORS: PNW STEEP III Program, Monsanto Ag Company

The Conference was organized through the Pacific Northwest STEEP III (Solutions To Environmental and Economic Problems) Program on Conservation Farming Research and Education with the University of Idaho, Oregon State University, Washington State University, USDA-Agricultural Research Service

PLATINUM SPONSORS: Flexi-Coil, Great Plains, The McGregor Company

GOLD SPONSORS: Cenex Land-O-Lakes Agronomy Company

SILVER SPONSORS: Conserva Pak Seeding Systems, Palouse Welding, Zeneca Ag Products, Gustafson

BRONZE SPONSORS: Case IH/Concord, Jones Truck & Implement / Krause Corporation, Wilbur-Ellis Company

Financial support from the Conference Sponsors helped lower registration fees by partially covering Conference costs, including: travel for international, out-of-state, and PNW grower speakers; complimentary speaker registrations; facilities; this Proceedings, the luncheons, refreshments, and other expenses.

 With Help from PNW Cooperators

Columbia Plateau Wind Erosion/Air Quality Project

WSU SARE No-Till Case Study Project

Washington Association of Wheat Growers

Oregon Wheat Growers League

Idaho Grain Producers Association

USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council

Pacific Northwest Oilseeds Association

USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service

Idaho Association of Soil Conservation District

Oregon Association of Conservation Districts

Washington Association of Conservation Districts

Cooperative efforts with these grower organizations and Ag support groups helped to develop the Conference and inform Northwest growers and Ag support personnel about this Conference.


Conference Coordinator and Proceedings Editor

Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Extension Conservation Tillage Specialist


Conference Program Advisors

R. James Cook, USDA-ARS Plant Pathologist

David Huggins, USDA-ARS Agronomist

Joe Dahmen, Monsanto Representative

Donn Thill, UI Weed Scientist

David Bezdicek, WSU Soil Microbiologist

Tim Fiez, WSU Soil Fertility Specialist

Don Wysocki, OSU Soil Scientist

Dennis Roe, NRCS Palouse Team Resource Conservationist


Trade Show, Registration, Facility Arrangements, Brochures, and Much More

Ken Maurer and Heather Filbin at the NW Direct Seed Conference Office

The Maurer Associates, Pasco, WA

 Additional Proceedings Copies

Additional copies of this Proceedings are available for $10 (payable to Northwest Direct Seed Conference) from: Northwest Direct Seed Conference, P.O. Box 2002, Pasco, WA 99302, phone 509-547-5538, FAX 547-5563, e-mail (maurer@owt.com). Copies of the 1998 Conference Proceedings are also available.

 Proceedings on the Internet

The Proceedings will be added to the Internet Home Page (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu/conf99) for the Conference. For more information, contact Roger Veseth (208-885-6386), e-mail (rveseth@uidaho.edu). The 1998 Conference Proceedings is also on the Home Page.

 Conference Videotapes

Digital-quality videotapes of the seven Conference Focus Sessions were produced by Darrell Kilgore, WSU Extension Video Specialist, through the Information Department of the WSU College of Agriculture and Home Economics. For information on purchase or loan of the videotapes, call the WSU Crop and Soil Science Dept. Extension Office at (509-335-2915) or Roger Veseth (208-885-6386), e-mail (rveseth@uidaho.edu). Videotapes of the seven Focus Sessions from the 1998 Conference are also available.


 Table of Contents

Conference Speaker Biographical Information - Listed in Speaking Order

FOCUS SESSION: International Experiences with Direct Seed Cropping Systems

The Development and Future of Direct Seed Cropping Systems in Argentina -- Explaining Some Economic, Agronomic, Environmental, Social and Sustainability Benefits That Support the Process - Roberto A. Peiretti, Agricultural Engineer/Agronomist, Private Adviser, Farmer, and on the Board of Directors of AAPRESID (Argentinian Producers Direct Seed Association), and CAAPAS (Latin American Farmers Association for Sustainable Agricultural Systems), Cordoba, Argentina

No-Till Experience in East-Central Alberta - Ken Eshpeter, Daysland, Alberta, Canada

FOCUS SESSION: Agronomics and Economics of Alternate Crops and Rotations for Direct Seed Systems

Considerations and Strategies for Selecting Crops and Rotations for Direct Seed Systems - David Huggins, ARS Research Agronomist, Pullman, WA

Extended Rotations and Annual Cropping in Traditional Crop-Fallow Regions of Southeast Washington - Pat McConnell, Branch Manager, The McGregor Co., Waitsburg, WA and Dan McKinley, General Manager, Broughton Land Co., Dayton, WA

Direct Seed Crop Rotations for Intermediate Rainfall Zones -- Monsanto Center of Excellence - Sheldon Blank, Monsanto Research Agronomist, Kennewick, WA

FOCUS SESSION: Managing to Optimize Soil Quality Benefits from Direct Seed Cropping Systems

The Benefits of Direct Seeding for Soil Ecology - Jill Clapperton, Rhizosphere Ecologist, Lethbridge Research Center, AB, Canada

Documenting Soil Quality Changes in the Transition to No-Till: 17 Years No-Till Versus First Year No-Till and Conventional Tillage Near Pendleton, Oregon - Stewart Wuest, Paul Rasmussen, Clyde Douglas, Ron Rickman, USDA-ARS Soil Scientists; Stephan Albrecht, ARS Soil Microbiologist; Dale Wilkins, ARS Agricultural Engineer; and Richard Smiley, OSU Plant Pathologist, Pendleton, OR

FOCUS SESSION: International and National Experiences with Direct Seed Cropping Systems

Fast No-Till Adoption in Brazil Without Subsidies: A Successful Partnership - Rainoldo Alberto Kochhann and Jose Eloir Denardin, Researchers at the Brazilian Agriculture and Livestock Research Corporation , National Wheat Research Center (EMBRAPA Trigo), Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil

Rotations in No-Till Dryland Farming - Grower Experience in South Central South Dakota - Rick Bieber, Trail City, South Dakota

FOCUS SESSION: Agronomics and Economics of Alternate Crops and Rotations for Direct Seed Systems

Alternative Crop Production: Addressing the Agronomic and Economics in the Pacific Northwest - Chad Shelton, Division Agronomist, Western Farm Service, Spokane, WA

Linola Production Under Direct Seeding - Shawn O'Connell, Agronomist, Columbia Grain International. Inc., Lewiston, ID

Evaluation of Teff, Lupins, Sorghum and other New Potential Dryland Crops in Northeastern Oregon - William Payne, Agronomist, OSU, Pendleton, OR

Rotations, Risks, Costs and Markets: The Ingredients of Sustainability - With Reference to Long Term Research Plots - Clinton Reeder, Consulting Economist and Grower, Pendleton, OR

FOCUS SESSION: Northwest Grower Experiences with Cropping Systems and Equipment for Direct Seeding

Experiences with Direct Seeding and Annual Cropping in a Low Rainfall Zone - Bill Jepsen, Heppner, OR

Experiences with Direct Seed Equipment and Systems in the Intermediate and Higher Rainfall Zones - Marty Weber, Uniontown, WA

FOCUS SESSION: Agronomics and Economics of Alternate Crops and Rotations for Direct Seed Systems

Tillage and Fertilizer Timing in Annual Spring Cropping - Don Wysocki, OSU Extension Soil Scientist, Columbia Basin Agric. Research Ctr., Pendleton, OR

Production and Marketing Strategies for Alternate Crops - Dan McKay, Grower and Manager, McKay Seed Co., Almira, WA

FOCUS SESSION: Northwest Grower Experiences with Cropping Systems and Equipment for Direct Seeding

Experiences with Direct Seed Equipment and Systems in the Intermediate - Higher Rainfall Zones - Pat Barker and Steve Shoun, Dayton, WA

Focus Session: Making Sense of the Row Spacing Debate

Wider Row Spacing: Is it Really Possible with No-Till -- The Canadian Prairie Experience - Guy Lafond, Research Agronomist, Indian Head Research Farm, Indian Head, SK, Canada

Row Spacings Effects on Direct Seeded Spring Wheat and Barley in the Low Rainfall Region - Tim Fiez, WSU Soil Fertility Specialist, Pullman WA and Bill Schillinger, WSU Dryland Research Agronomist, Ritzville, WA

FOCUS SESSION: Northwest Grower Experiences with Cropping Systems and Equipment for Direct Seeding

Transition Experiences with Direct Seeding Systems in the Intermediate Rainfall Zone - Steve Moore and Daniel Moore, Dusty, WA

Grower Experiences with Direct Seeding in the Higher Rainfall Zone - Cory Brown and Danny Brown, Orofino, ID

FOCUS SESSION: Direct Seed Grain Legumes -- Management Systems for Expanding Production Opportunities

Conservation Tillage and Pulse Crop Production -- Western Canada Experiences - Adrian Johnston, Research Agronomist, Melfort Research Farm, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Melfort, SK, Canada; and Perry Miller, Cropping Systems Agronomist, Montana State University, Bozeman; and Brian McConkey, Research Agronomist, Semi-Arid Prairie Agric. Res. Ctr., Swift Current, SK, Canada

Grower Direct Seed Pea Trials in Eastern Washington and Northern Idaho - Roger Veseth, WSU/UI Extension Conservation Tillage Specialist, Moscow, ID, Duncan Cox, UI/WSU Project Support Scientist, Moscow; Stephen Guy, UI Crop Management Specialist, Moscow; Donn Thill, UI Weed Scientist, Moscow; John Hammel, UI Soil Scientist, Moscow; Tim Fiez, WSU Soil Fertility Specialist, Pullman; and Joe Yenish, WSU Weed Scientist, Pullman

Do Direct Seeded Peas Benefit from Starter Fertilizer Applications? - Tim Fiez, WSU Soil Fertility Specialist, Pullman, WA

Weed Control Options and Strategies for Direct Seeded Pulse Crops - Joe Yenish, WSU Extension Weed Scientist, Pullman, WA; Donn Thill, UI Weed Scientist, Moscow, ID; and Dan Ball, OSU Weed Scientist, Pendleton, OR

FOCUS SESSION: Northwest Grower Experiences with Cropping Systems and Equipment for Direct Seeding

Experiences with Direct Seed Equipment and Systems in the Low Rainfall Zone - David Brewer, The Dalles, OR

No-Till Seeding with a 455 John Deere Drill in the Higher Rainfall Zone - Kevin Wagner, Farmington, WA

FOCUS SESSION: Economics and Strategies for the Transition to Direct Seed Cropping Systems

Considerations for Transitioning to Diverse Cropping and Direct Seed Systems --- Grower Perspective - Chris Laney, Sprague, WA

Management Changes and Reducing Inputs with Direct Seeding - Skip Mead, Dayton, WA

Buy, Lease, Custom Hire or Joint Venture -- Grower Insights into Equipment Options for Direct Seeding - Dick Wittman, Grower and Financial Consultant, Lapwai, ID

Cost and Profitability Results of Farmers Using Direct Seed Systems in the Pacific Northwest - Doug Young, WSU Agricultural Economist, and Oumou Camara, WSU Graduate Research Assistant, Pullman

Negotiating New Lease Arrangement with the Transition to Direct Seed Intensive Cropping Systems - Clark Seavert, OSU Extension Agricultural Economist, TheDalles, OR

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